Tooth Extraction Procedures
“Pulling teeth” is never a phrase that brings happy thoughts to mind. Tooth extraction can sound like a frightening prospect at first, but it is sometimes necessary to improve the overall health of the mouth and body. Luckily, modern advancements in dental surgery have reduced the fear and pain associated with the extraction process. Nowadays, extracting a tooth is a routine procedure that can be beneficial for a multitude of reasons, including cosmetic enhancements and overall periodontal and systemic health.
A tooth may need to be extracted for several reasons. A decayed tooth that has lost structural integrity or is beyond the point of rehabilitation may be removed to make way for a permanent cosmetic replacement. Abscesses and infections are also common reasons. An abscess is a pocket of pus formed around or beneath a tooth due to infection. The infection can spread through the surrounding gum tissue, causing severe pain, and even serious illness if not treated appropriately. Also, severe periodontal disease, or loss of supporting bone and gum tissue, may render the tooth “hopeless.”
Removing damaged or infected teeth leaves room for efficient cleaning and treatment of an infected area. This space can now be
replaced with dental implants. In order to place an implant, good bone needs to be present. In many cases, bone grafting will
be done at the time of extraction.
Bone in your mouth has one function; to hold teeth. Once the tooth is removed, the bone loses its function and begins to
resorb away. A typical tooth extraction can cause up to 40-60% resorption of the bone! When there is this much resorption,
esthetics will be severely compromised as there will be a large defect in the bone and the soft tissue. Also, an implant may
not be able to be placed if the bone resorbs too much as there may not be enough good bone to place an implant. By placing
a bone graft, we can significantly reduce the amount of resorption from extraction and preserve the amount of bone and soft
tissue for more predictable and esthetic implant placement.
Extractions are also commonly used to remove third molars, or “wisdom teeth." It is not uncommon for these teeth to be impacted,
or emerging from the gum line at an angle, thus disrupting the order of other teeth. Wisdom teeth in this situation can also
become a problem because they provide easier places for bacteria and debris to collect, which can lead to infection. Common
signs of this are swelling and pain around the infected area, as well as a bad odor or taste in the mouth.
|If you are interested in further details, please call us at (408) 371-7616 for more information about Extractions.|